Deneberg S, Grövdal M, Karimi M, Jansson M, Nahi H, Corbacioglu A, Gaidzik V, Döhner K, Paul C, Ekström TJ, Hellström-Lindberg E, Lehmann S
Leukemia 24 (5) 932-941 [2010-05-00; online 2010-03-20]
This study was designed to analyze the effect of global and gene-specific DNA methylation patterns on the outcome of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Methylation of CDKN2B (p15), E-cadherin (CDH) and hypermethylated in cancer 1 (HIC1) promoters and global DNA methylation by luminometric methylation assay (LUMA) was analyzed in 107 AML patients and cytogenetic and molecular mutational analysis was performed. In addition, genome-wide promoter-associated methylation was assessed using the Illumina HumanMethylation27 array in a proportion of the patients. Promoter methylation was discovered in 66, 66 and 51% of the patients for p15, CDH and HIC1, respectively. In multivariate analysis, low global DNA methylation was associated with higher complete remission rate (hazard ratio (HR) 5.9, P=0.005) and p15 methylation was associated with better overall (HR 0.4, P=0.001) and disease-free survival (HR 0.4, P=0.016). CDH and HIC1 methylation were not associated with clinical outcome. Mutational status and karyotype were not significantly associated with gene-specific methylation or global methylation. Increased genome-wide promoter-associated methylation was associated with better overall and disease-free survival as well as with LUMA hypomethylation. We conclude that global and gene-specific methylation patterns are independently associated with the clinical outcome in AML patients.