Rapid Metabolic Profiling of 1 μL Crude Cerebrospinal Fluid by Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Mass Spectrometry Imaging Can Differentiate De Novo Parkinson's Disease.

Vallianatou T, Nilsson A, Bjärterot P, Shariatgorji R, Slijkhuis N, Aerts JT, Jansson ET, Svenningsson P, Andrén PE

Anal. Chem. 95 (50) 18352-18360 [2023-12-19; online 2023-12-07]

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a highly prevalent neurodegenerative disorder affecting the motor system. However, the correct diagnosis of PD and atypical parkinsonism may be difficult with high clinical uncertainty. There is an urgent need to identify reliable biomarkers using high-throughput, molecular-specific methods to improve current diagnostics. Here, we present a matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry imaging method that requires minimal sample preparation and only 1 μL of crude cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The method enables analysis of hundreds of samples in a single experiment while simultaneously detecting numerous metabolites with subppm mass accuracy. To test the method, we analyzed CSF samples from 12 de novo PD patients (that is, newly diagnosed and previously untreated) and 12 age-matched controls. Within the identified molecules, we found neurotransmitters and their metabolites such as γ-aminobutyric acid, 3-methoxytyramine, homovanillic acid, serotonin, histamine, amino acids, and metabolic intermediates. Limits of detection were estimated for multiple neurotransmitters with high linearity (R2 > 0.99) and sensitivity (as low as 16 pg/μL). Application of multivariate classification led to a highly significant (P < 0.001) model of PD prediction with a 100% classification rate, which was further thoroughly validated with a permutation test and univariate analysis. Molecules related to the neuromelanin pathway were found to be significantly increased in the PD group, indicated by their elevated relative intensities compared to the control group. Our method enables rapid detection of PD-related biomarkers in low sample volumes and could serve as a valuable tool in the development of robust PD diagnostics.

Spatial Mass Spectrometry [Technology development]

PubMed 38059473

DOI 10.1021/acs.analchem.3c02900

Crossref 10.1021/acs.analchem.3c02900

pmc: PMC10733901

Publications 9.5.0