Whole-genome re-sequencing provides key genomic insights in farmed Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) populations of anadromous and landlocked origin from Scandinavia.

Pappas F, Kurta K, Vanhala T, Jeuthe H, Hagen Ø, Beirão J, Palaiokostas C

Evol Appl 16 (4) 797-813 [2023-04-00; online 2023-02-27]

Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) is a niche-market high-value species for Nordic aquaculture. Similar to other salmonids, both anadromous and landlocked populations are encountered. Whole-genome re-sequencing (22X coverage) was performed on two farmed populations of anadromous (Sigerfjord; n = 24) and landlocked (Arctic Superior; n = 24) origin from Norway and Sweden respectively. More than 5 million SNPs were used to study their genetic diversity and to scan for selection signatures. The two populations were clearly distinguished through principal component analysis, with the mean fixation index being ~0.12. Furthermore, the levels of genomic inbreeding estimated from runs of homozygosity were 6.23% and 8.66% for the Norwegian and the Swedish population respectively. Biological processes that could be linked to selection pressure associated primarily with the anadromous background and/or secondarily with domestication were suggested. Overall, our study provided insights regarding the genetic composition of two main strains of farmed Arctic charr from Scandinavia. At the same time, ample genomic resources were produced in the magnitude of millions of SNPs that could assist the transition of Nordic Arctic charr farming in the genomics era.

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NGI Uppsala (SNP&SEQ Technology Platform) [Service]

National Genomics Infrastructure [Service]

PubMed 37124091

DOI 10.1111/eva.13537

Crossref 10.1111/eva.13537

pmc: PMC10130564
pii: EVA13537

Publications 9.5.0