Protein profiling in plasma for biomarkers of seizure.

Akel S, Banote RK, Asztely F, Zelano J

Epilepsy Res 197 (-) 107241 [2023-11-00; online 2023-10-11]

A biochemical way to measure seizures would greatly benefit epilepsy research and clinical follow-up. Short-term biomarkers like lactate exist, and interest in biomarkers representative of longer-term seizure burden is growing. In this exploratory study, we aimed to identify markers in blood plasma that differentiate persons with recent seizures from persons with epilepsy and long-standing seizure freedom. A proteomic analysis was performed on plasma samples of 120 persons with seizures using the Olink Neuro-exploratory panel. Participants were selected from a regional biobank study in Västra Götaland (Sweden) and categorized into two groups: recent seizure and seizure-free. The panel contained 92 proteins linked to neurological diseases and processes, and levels of these proteins were compared between the patient groups to identify potential markers of seizure activity. We identified significant differences in protein levels between the recent seizure and seizure-free patient groups for Cadherin-15 [(CDH15; p = 0.008)], Latent transforming growth factor beta-binding protein 3 [(LTBP3; p = 0.002)], Phosphoethanolamine/phosphocholine phosphatase 1 [(PHOSPHO1; p = 0.011)], and Progestagen associated endometrial protein [(PAEP; p = 0.0005)]. The findings in this study present CDH15, LTBP3, PHOSPHO1 and PAEP as candidate markers of seizure activity. Further confirmatory studies are needed.

Affinity Proteomics Stockholm [Service]

PubMed 37862918

DOI 10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2023.107241

Crossref 10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2023.107241

pii: S0920-1211(23)00166-3

Publications 9.5.0