A glycan epitope correlates with tau in serum and predicts progression to Alzheimer's disease in combination with APOE4 allele status.

Zhou RZ, Vetrano DL, Grande G, Duell F, Jönsson L, Laukka EJ, Fredolini C, Winblad B, Tjernberg L, Schedin-Weiss S

Alzheimers Dement - (-) - [2023-04-12; online 2023-04-12]

There is an urgent need for novel blood biomarkers for the detection of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We previously showed that levels of the bisecting N-acetylglucosamine glycan epitope was elevated in cerebrospinal fluid in AD. However, its diagnostic value in blood is unknown. We analyzed blood levels of bisecting N-acetylglucosamine and total tau in a retrospective cohort of 233 individuals. Progression to AD was compared between the groups using Cox regression. The predictive value of the biomarkers was determined by logistic regression. Bisecting N-acetylglucosamine correlated with tau levels (p < 0.0001). Individuals with an intermediate tau/bisecting N-acetylglucosamine ratio had elevated AD risk (hazard ratio = 2.06, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.18-3.6). Moreover, a combined model including tau/bisecting N-acetylglucosamine ratio, apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 status, and Mini-Mental State Examination score predicted future AD (area under the curve = 0.81, 95% CI: 0.68-0.93). Bisecting N-acetylglucosamine in combination with tau is a valuable blood biomarker for predicting AD.

Affinity Proteomics Stockholm [Collaborative]

PubMed 37042462

DOI 10.1002/alz.13024

Crossref 10.1002/alz.13024

Publications 9.2.2