Babazadeh R, Ahmadpour D, Jia S, Hao X, Widlund P, Schneider K, Eisele F, Edo LD, Smits GJ, Liu B, Nystrom T
Cell Rep 28 (8) 2096-2110.e8 [2019-08-20; online 2019-08-23]
Spatial sorting to discrete quality control sites in the cell is a process harnessing the toxicity of aberrant proteins. We show that the yeast t-snare phosphoprotein syntaxin5 (Sed5) acts as a key factor in mitigating proteotoxicity and the spatial deposition and clearance of IPOD (insoluble protein deposit) inclusions associates with the disaggregase Hsp104. Sed5 phosphorylation promotes dynamic movement of COPII-associated Hsp104 and boosts disaggregation by favoring anterograde ER-to-Golgi trafficking. Hsp104-associated aggregates co-localize with Sed5 as well as components of the ER, trans Golgi network, and endocytic vesicles, transiently during proteostatic stress, explaining mechanistically how misfolded and aggregated proteins formed at the vicinity of the ER can hitchhike toward vacuolar IPOD sites. Many inclusions become associated with mitochondria in a HOPS/vCLAMP-dependent manner and co-localize with Vps39 (HOPS/vCLAMP) and Vps13, which are proteins providing contacts between vacuole and mitochondria. Both Vps39 and Vps13 are required also for efficient Sed5-dependent clearance of aggregates.