An amylin and calcitonin receptor agonist modulates alcohol behaviors by acting on reward-related areas in the brain.

Kalafateli AL, Satir TM, Vallöf D, Zetterberg H, Jerlhag E

Prog Neurobiol 200 (-) 101969 [2021-05-00; online 2020-12-02]

Alcohol causes stimulatory behavioral responses by activating reward-processing brain areas including the laterodorsal (LDTg) and ventral tegmental areas (VTA) and the nucleus accumbens (NAc). Systemic administration of the amylin and calcitonin receptor agonist salmon calcitonin (sCT) attenuates alcohol-mediated behaviors, but the brain sites involved in this process remain unknown. Firstly, to identify potential sCT sites of action in the brain, we used immunohistochemistry after systemic administration of fluorescent-labeled sCT. We then performed behavioral experiments to explore how infused sCT into the aforementioned reward-processing brain areas affects acute alcohol-induced behaviors in mice and chronic alcohol consumption in rats. We show that peripheral sCT crosses the blood brain barrier and is detected in all the brain areas studied herein. sCT infused into the LDTg attenuates alcohol-evoked dopamine release in the NAc shell in mice and reduces alcohol intake in rats. sCT into the VTA blocks alcohol-induced locomotor stimulation and dopamine release in the NAc shell in mice and decreases alcohol intake in rats. Lastly, sCT into the NAc shell prevents alcohol-induced locomotor activity in mice. Our data suggest that central sCT modulates the ability of alcohol to activate reward-processing brain regions.

Integrated Microscopy Technologies Gothenburg [Service]

PubMed 33278524

DOI 10.1016/j.pneurobio.2020.101969

Crossref 10.1016/j.pneurobio.2020.101969

pii: S0301-0082(20)30224-0

Publications 9.5.0