Macchia G, Nord KH, D'Alessandro G, Nilsson J, Magnusson L, Mandahl N, Storlazzi CT, Mertens F
Oncol. Rep. 31 (2) 807-811 [2014-02-00; online 2013-12-04]
Rearrangements of chromosome arm 15q are rare but recurrent in conventional lipomas, a tumor type often showing deregulated expression of the HMGA2 gene. In order to assess whether 15q rearrangements could constitute a distinct pathogenetic mechanism, we studied seven cases of conventional lipoma that at G-banding analysis had various rearrangements of 15q12-q21. The breakpoints in 15q were mapped by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and single nucleotide polymorphism array analyses, and the status of the HMGA2 gene was evaluated by FISH and/or quantitative PCR. We found an overlapping deletion on 15q in two cases, but no recurring breakpoint among the other cases. In addition, all cases displayed rearrangement of HMGA2 at the genomic or the transcriptional level. Although 15q rearrangements sometimes are noted as the sole aberration at cytogenetic analysis of conventional lipomas, they are secondary to HMGA2 deregulation.