Elucidation of the Binding Orientation in α2,3- and α2,6-Linked Neu5Ac-Gal Epitopes toward a Hydrophilic Molecularly Imprinted Monolith.

Huynh CM, Mavliutova L, Sparrman T, Sellergren B, Irgum K

ACS Omega 8 (46) 44238-44249 [2023-11-21; online 2023-11-06]

N-Acetylneuraminic acid and its α2,3/α2,6-glycosidic linkages with galactose (Neu5Ac-Gal) are major carbohydrate antigen epitopes expressed in various pathological processes, such as cancer, influenza, and SARS-CoV-2. We here report a strategy for the synthesis and binding investigation of molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) toward α2,3 and α2,6 conformations of Neu5Ac-Gal antigens. Hydrophilic imprinted monoliths were synthesized from melamine monomer in the presence of four different templates, namely, N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac), N-acetylneuraminic acid methyl ester (Neu5Ac-M), 3'-sialyllactose (3SL), and 6'-sialyllactose (6SL), in a tertiary solvent mixture at temperatures varying from -20 to +80 °C. The MIPs prepared at cryotemperatures showed a preferential affinity for the α2,6 linkage sequence of 6SL, with an imprinting factor of 2.21, whereas the α2,3 linkage sequence of 3SL resulted in nonspecific binding to the polymer scaffold. The preferable affinity for the α2,6 conformation of Neu5Ac-Gal was evident also when challenged by a mixture of other mono- and disaccharides in an aqueous test mixture. The use of saturation transfer difference nuclear magnetic resonance (STD-NMR) on suspensions of crushed monoliths allowed for directional interactions between the α2,3/α2,6 linkage sequences on their corresponding MIPs to be revealed. The Neu5Ac epitope, containing acetyl and polyalcohol moieties, was the major contributor to the sequence recognition for Neu5Ac(α2,6)Gal(β1,4)Glc, whereas contributions from the Gal and Glc segments were substantially lower.

Swedish NMR Centre (SNC) [Collaborative]

PubMed 38027366

DOI 10.1021/acsomega.3c06836

Crossref 10.1021/acsomega.3c06836

pmc: PMC10666243

Publications 9.5.0