Melanocortin-4 receptors on neurons in the parabrachial nucleus mediate inflammation-induced suppression of food-seeking behavior.

Shionoya K, Nilsson A, Engström Ruud L, Engblom D, Blomqvist A

Brain, Behavior, and Immunity 110 (-) 80-84 [2023-05-00; online 2023-02-20]

Anorexia is a common symptom during infectious and inflammatory disease. Here we examined the role of melanocortin-4 receptors (MC4Rs) in inflammation-induced anorexia. Mice with transcriptional blockage of the MC4Rs displayed the same reduction of food intake following peripheral injection of lipopolysaccharide as wild type mice but were protected against the anorexic effect of the immune challenge in a test in which fasted animals were to use olfactory cues to find a hidden cookie. By using selective virus-mediated receptor re-expression we demonstrate that the suppression of the food-seeking behavior is subserved by MC4Rs in the brain stem parabrachial nucleus, a central hub for interoceptive information involved in the regulation of food intake. Furthermore, the selective expression of MC4R in the parabrachial nucleus also attenuated the body weight increase that characterizes MC4R KO mice. These data extend on the functions of the MC4Rs and show that MC4Rs in the parabrachial nucleus are critically involved in the anorexic response to peripheral inflammation but also contribute to body weight homeostasis during normal conditions.

Integrated Microscopy Technologies Gothenburg [Service]

PubMed 36813210

DOI 10.1016/j.bbi.2023.02.014

Crossref 10.1016/j.bbi.2023.02.014

pii: S0889-1591(23)00039-9

Publications 9.5.0