Lipid- and substrate-induced conformational and dynamic changes in a glycosyltransferase involved in E. coli LPS synthesis revealed by 19F and 31P NMR.

Patrick J, Pettersson P, Mäler L

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes 1865 (8) 184209 [2023-12-00; online 2023-08-07]

WaaG is a glycosyltransferase (GT) involved in the synthesis of the bacterial cell wall, and in Escherichia coli it catalyzes the transfer of a glucose moiety from the donor substrate UDP-glucose onto the nascent lipopolysaccharide (LPS) molecule which when completed constitutes the major component of the bacterium's outermost defenses. Similar to other GTs of the GT-B fold, having two Rossman-like domains connected by a short linker, WaaG is believed to undergo complex inter-domain motions as part of its function to accommodate the nascent LPS and UDP-glucose in the catalytic site located in the cleft between the two domains. As the nascent LPS is bulky and membrane-bound, WaaG is a peripheral membrane protein, adding to the complexity of studying the enzyme in a biologically relevant environment. Using specific 5-fluoro-Trp labelling of native and inserted tryptophans and 19F NMR we herein studied the dynamic interactions of WaaG with lipids using bicelles, and with the donor substrate. Line-shape changes when bicelles are added to WaaG show that the dynamic behavior is altered when binding to the model membrane, while a chemical shift change indicates an altered environment around a tryptophan located in the C-terminal domain of WaaG upon interaction with UDP-glucose or UDP. A lipid-bound paramagnetic probe was used to confirm that the membrane interaction is mediated by a loop region located in the N-terminal domain. Furthermore, the hydrolysis of the donor substrate by WaaG was quantified by 31P NMR.

Swedish NMR Centre (SNC) [Service]

PubMed 37558175

DOI 10.1016/j.bbamem.2023.184209

Crossref 10.1016/j.bbamem.2023.184209

pii: S0005-2736(23)00091-3

Publications 9.5.0