Extensive transcription mis-regulation and membrane defects in AdipoR2-deficient cells challenged with saturated fatty acids.

Ruiz M, Palmgren H, Henricsson M, Devkota R, Jaiswal H, Maresca M, Bohlooly-Y M, Peng XR, Borén J, Pilon M

Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Biol Lipids 1866 (4) 158884 [2021-04-00; online 2021-01-11]

How cells maintain vital membrane lipid homeostasis while obtaining most of their constituent fatty acids from a varied diet remains largely unknown. Here, we used transcriptomics, lipidomics, growth and respiration assays, and membrane property analyses in human HEK293 cells or human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) to show that the function of AdipoR2 is to respond to membrane rigidification by regulating many lipid metabolism genes. We also show that AdipoR2-dependent membrane homeostasis is critical for growth and respiration in cells challenged with saturated fatty acids. Additionally, we found that AdipoR2 deficiency causes transcriptome and cell physiological defects similar to those observed in SREBP-deficient cells upon SFA challenge. Finally, we compared several genes considered important for lipid homeostasis, namely AdipoR2, SCD, FADS2, PEMT and ACSL4, and found that AdipoR2 and SCD are the most important among these to prevent membrane rigidification and excess saturation when human cells are challenged with exogenous SFAs. We conclude that AdipoR2-dependent membrane homeostasis is one of the primary mechanisms that protects against exogenous SFAs.

Integrated Microscopy Technologies Gothenburg [Service]

PubMed 33444759

DOI 10.1016/j.bbalip.2021.158884

Crossref 10.1016/j.bbalip.2021.158884

pii: S1388-1981(21)00010-X

Publications 9.5.0