Interleukin-6 trans-signaling induced laminin switch contributes to reduced trans-endothelial migration of granulocytic cells.

Zegeye MM, Matic L, Lengquist M, Hayderi A, Grenegård M, Hedin U, Sirsjö A, Ljungberg LU, Kumawat AK

Atherosclerosis 371 (-) 41-53 [2023-04-00; online 2023-03-22]

Laminins are essential components of the endothelial basement membrane, which predominantly contains LN421 and LN521 isoforms. Regulation of laminin expression under pathophysiological conditions is largely unknown. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of IL-6 in regulating endothelial laminin profile and characterize the impact of altered laminin composition on the phenotype, inflammatory response, and function of endothelial cells (ECs). HUVECs and HAECs were used for in vitro experiments. Trans-well migration experiments were performed using leukocytes isolated from peripheral blood of healthy donors. The BiKE cohort was used to assess expression of laminins in atherosclerotic plaques and healthy vessels. Gene and protein expression was analyzed using Microarray/qPCR and proximity extension assay, ELISA, immunostaining or immunoblotting techniques, respectively. Stimulation of ECs with IL-6+sIL-6R, but not IL-6 alone, reduces expression of laminin α4 (LAMA4) and increases laminin α5 (LAMA5) expression at the mRNA and protein levels. In addition, IL-6+sIL-6R stimulation of ECs differentially regulates the release of several proteins including CXCL8 and CXCL10, which collectively were predicted to inhibit granulocyte transmigration. Experimentally, we demonstrated that granulocyte migration is inhibited across ECs pre-treated with IL-6+sIL-6R. In addition, granulocyte migration across ECs cultured on LN521 was significantly lower compared to LN421. In human atherosclerotic plaques, expression of endothelial LAMA4 and LAMA5 is significantly lower compared to control vessels. Moreover, LAMA5-to-LAMA4 expression ratio was negatively correlated with granulocytic cell markers (CD177 and myeloperoxidase (MPO)) and positively correlated with T-lymphocyte marker CD3. We showed that expression of endothelial laminin alpha chains is regulated by IL-6 trans-signaling and contributes to inhibition of trans-endothelial migration of granulocytic cells. Further, expression of laminin alpha chains is altered in human atherosclerotic plaques and is related to intra-plaque abundance of leukocyte subpopulations.

Global Proteomics and Proteogenomics [Service]

PubMed 36996622

DOI 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2023.03.010

Crossref 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2023.03.010

pii: S0021-9150(23)00112-0

Publications 9.5.0