Säll O, Olofsson E, Jacobsson S
Vaccine 38 (28) 4374-4378 [2020-06-09; online 2020-05-12]
Two protein-based vaccines (Bexsero® and Trumenba®) are licensed for invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B (MenB). The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible protection of these vaccines, based on the genomic profiles of IMD isolates. All invasive meningococcal isolates in Sweden during 2014-2018 (n = 242) were analyzed with the vaccine coverage scheme available at the PubMLST database. The overall estimated genomic strain coverage among the Swedish invasive meningococcal isolates was 55% for Bexsero and 57% for Trumenba (p = 0.714). The estimated serogroup-specific coverage for Bexsero respectively Trumenba was: MenB; 67% and 90% (p < 0.05), MenW; 93% and 4% (p < 0.05), MenC; 87% and 30% (p < 0.05) and MenY; 1% and 96% (p < 0.05). With the combination of the two vaccines, the potential genomic-based strain coverage was 95%, indicating a possible additive effect of combining Bexsero and Trumenba, which, however, needs to be confirmed by analysis of phenotypic antigen expression.