Hum. Mutat. 42 (4) 378-384 [2021-04-00; online 2021-02-04]
Mutations in structural subunits and assembly factors of complex I of the oxidative phosphorylation system constitute the most common cause of mitochondrial respiratory chain defects. Such mutations can present a wide range of clinical manifestations, varying from mild deficiencies to severe, lethal disorders. We describe a patient presenting intrauterine growth restriction and anemia, which displayed postpartum hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, lactic acidosis, encephalopathy, and a severe complex I defect with fatal outcome. Whole genome sequencing revealed an intronic biallelic mutation in the NDUFB7 gene (c.113-10C>G) and splicing pattern alterations in NDUFB7 messenger RNA were confirmed by RNA Sequencing. The detected variant resulted in a significant reduction of the NDUFB7 protein and reduced complex I activity. Complementation studies with expression of wild-type NDUFB7 in patient fibroblasts normalized complex I function. Here we report a case with a primary complex I defect due to a homozygous mutation in an intron region of the NDUFB7 gene.
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