Kouznetsova A, Kitajima TS, Brismar H, Höög C
EMBO Rep. 20 (8) e47905 [2019-08-00; online 2019-07-10]
The accuracy of the two sequential meiotic divisions in oocytes is essential for creating a haploid gamete with a normal chromosomal content. Here, we have analysed the 3D dynamics of chromosomes during the second meiotic division in live mouse oocytes. We find that chromosomes form stable kinetochore-microtubule attachments at the end of prometaphase II stage that are retained until anaphase II onset. Remarkably, we observe that more than 20% of the kinetochore-microtubule attachments at the metaphase II stage are merotelic or lateral. However, < 1% of all chromosomes at onset of anaphase II are found to lag at the spindle equator and < 10% of the laggards missegregate and give rise to aneuploid gametes. Our results demonstrate that aberrant kinetochore-microtubule attachments are not corrected at the metaphase stage of the second meiotic division. Thus, the accuracy of the chromosome segregation process in mouse oocytes during meiosis II is ensured by an efficient correction process acting at the anaphase stage.
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