The IgGFc-binding protein FCGBP is secreted with all GDPH sequences cleaved but maintained by interfragment disulfide bonds.

Ehrencrona E, van der Post S, Gallego P, Recktenwald CV, Rodriguez-Pineiro AM, Garcia-Bonete MJ, Trillo-Muyo S, Bäckström M, Hansson GC, Johansson MEV

J. Biol. Chem. 297 (1) 100871 [2021-07-00; online 2021-06-11]

Mucus forms an important protective barrier that minimizes bacterial contact with the colonic epithelium. Intestinal mucus is organized in a complex network with several specific proteins, including the mucin-2 (MUC2) and the abundant IgGFc-binding protein, FCGBP. FCGBP is expressed in all intestinal goblet cells and is secreted into the mucus. It is comprised of repeated von Willebrand D (vWD) domain assemblies, most of which have a GDPH amino acid sequence that can be autocatalytically cleaved, as previously observed in the mucins MUC2 and mucin-5AC. However, the functions of FCGBP in the mucus are not understood. We show that all vWD domains of FCGBP with a GDPH sequence are cleaved and that these cleavages occur early during biosynthesis in the endoplasmic reticulum. All cleaved fragments, however, remain connected via a disulfide bond within each vWD domain. This cleavage generates a C-terminal-reactive Asp-anhydride that could react with other molecules, such as MUC2, but this was not observed. Quantitative analyses by MS showed that FCGBP was mainly soluble in chaotropic solutions, whereas MUC2 was insoluble, and most of the secreted FCGBP was not covalently bound to MUC2. Although FCGBP has been suggested to bind immunoglobulin G, we were unable to reproduce this binding in vitro using purified proteins. In conclusion, while the function of FCGBP is still unknown, our results suggest that it does not contribute to covalent crosslinking in the mucus, nor incorporate immunoglobulin G into mucus, instead the single disulfide bond linking each fragment could mediate controlled dissociation.

Integrated Microscopy Technologies Gothenburg [Service]

PubMed 34126068

DOI 10.1016/j.jbc.2021.100871

Crossref 10.1016/j.jbc.2021.100871

pmc: PMC8267560
pii: S0021-9258(21)00671-2

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