Proteomic analysis reveals microvesicles containing NAMPT as mediators of radioresistance in glioma.

Panizza E, Regalado BD, Wang F, Nakano I, Vacanti NM, Cerione RA, Antonyak MA

Life Sci. Alliance 6 (6) - [2023-06-00; online 2023-04-10]

Tumor-initiating cells contained within the aggressive brain tumor glioma (glioma stem cells, GSCs) promote radioresistance and disease recurrence. However, mechanisms of resistance are not well understood. Herein, we show that the proteome-level regulation occurring upon radiation treatment of several patient-derived GSC lines predicts their resistance status, whereas glioma transcriptional subtypes do not. We identify a mechanism of radioresistance mediated by the transfer of the metabolic enzyme NAMPT to radiosensitive cells through microvesicles (NAMPT-high MVs) shed by resistant GSCs. NAMPT-high MVs rescue the proliferation of radiosensitive GSCs and fibroblasts upon irradiation, and upon treatment with a radiomimetic drug or low serum, and increase intracellular NAD(H) levels. Finally, we show that the presence of NAMPT within the MVs and its enzymatic activity in recipient cells are necessary to mediate these effects. Collectively, we demonstrate that the proteome of GSCs provides unique information as it predicts the ability of glioma to resist radiation treatment. Furthermore, we establish NAMPT transfer via MVs as a mechanism for rescuing the proliferation of radiosensitive cells upon irradiation.

Global Proteomics and Proteogenomics [Service]

PubMed 37037593

DOI 10.26508/lsa.202201680

Crossref 10.26508/lsa.202201680

pmc: PMC10087103
pii: 6/6/e202201680

Publications 9.5.0