Inflammatory Gene Profile and Particle Presence in Peri-Implant Mucosa: a Pilot Study on 9 Patients.

Olander J, Barkarmo S, Hammarström Johansson P, Wennerberg A, Stenport VF

J Oral Maxillofac Res 14 (3) e2 [2023-09-30; online 2023-09-30]

The purpose of this pilot study is to compare gene expression in mucosa around dental implants with zirconia abutment to titanium and investigate presence of particles in mucosa samples and on implant heads. Ten patients with a single implant supported prosthesis connected to zirconia or titanium abutments were invited at the five-year control. A clinical examination and a survey on experience of function and appearance were conducted. A mucosa biopsy taken in close vicinity to the implant were analysed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and presence of particles in a scanning electron microscope/energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscope (SEM/EDX). Cytological smear samples were collected and analysed through inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) to investigate presence of particles on implant heads. In total, 9 patients participated in the study, five with titanium abutments and four with zirconia abutments. All patients were satisfied with function and aesthetics. Titanium and iron particles were detected in mucosa biopsies. The ICP - MS analysis demonstrated presence of zirconia and titanium. Several proinflammatory genes were upregulated in the zirconia abutment group. Around zirconia abutments a slight increase in proinflammatory response and amount of wear particles was seen as compared to titanium. Wear particles of titanium were present in all soft tissue samples, however zirconia particles only in the samples from implants heads/mucosa with zirconia abutments.

Integrated Microscopy Technologies Gothenburg [Service]

PubMed 37969950

DOI 10.5037/jomr.2023.14302

Crossref 10.5037/jomr.2023.14302

pmc: PMC10645473
pii: v14n3e2ht

Publications 9.5.0