Going Viral: An Investigation into the Chameleonic Behavior or Antiviral Compounds.

Wieske LHE, Atilaw Y, Poongavanam V, Erdélyi M, Kihlberg J

Chemistry - (-) - [2022-10-26; online 2022-10-26]

The ability to adjust conformations in response to the polarity of the environment, i.e. molecular chameleonicity, is considered to be important for conferring both high aqueous solubility and high cell permeability to drugs in chemical space beyond Lipinski's rule of 5. We determined the conformational ensembles populated by the antiviral drugs asunaprevir, simeprevir, atazanavir and daclatasvir in polar (DMSO- d 6 ) and non-polar (chloroform) environments with NMR spectroscopy. Daclatasvir was fairly rigid, whereas the first three showed large flexibility in both environments, that translated into major differences in solvent accessible 3D polar surface area within each conformational ensemble. No significant differences in size and polar surface area were observed between the DMSO- d 6 and chloroform ensembles of these three drugs. We propose that such flexible compounds are characterized as "partial molecular chameleons" and hypothesize that their ability to adopt conformations with low polar surface area contributes to their membrane permeability and oral absorption.

Swedish NMR Centre (SNC) [Service]

PubMed 36286339

DOI 10.1002/chem.202202798

Crossref 10.1002/chem.202202798

Publications 9.5.0