The disease-causing mutation p.F907I reveals a novel pathogenic mechanism for POLγ-related diseases.

Erdinc D, Macao B, Valenzuela S, Lesko N, Naess K, Peter B, Bruhn H, Wedell A, Wredenberg A, Falkenberg M

Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis 1869 (7) 166786 [2023-10-00; online 2023-06-10]

Mutations in the catalytic domain of mitochondrial DNA polymerase γ (POLγ) cause a broad spectrum of clinical conditions. POLγ mutations impair mitochondrial DNA replication, thereby causing deletions and/or depletion of mitochondrial DNA, which in turn impair biogenesis of the oxidative phosphorylation system. We here identify a patient with a homozygous p.F907I mutation in POLγ, manifesting a severe clinical phenotype with developmental arrest and rapid loss of skills from 18 months of age. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed extensive white matter abnormalities, Southern blot of muscle mtDNA demonstrated depletion of mtDNA and the patient deceased at 23 months of age. Interestingly, the p.F907I mutation does not affect POLγ activity on single-stranded DNA or its proofreading activity. Instead, the mutation affects unwinding of parental double-stranded DNA at the replication fork, impairing the ability of the POLγ to support leading-strand DNA synthesis with the TWINKLE helicase. Our results thus reveal a novel pathogenic mechanism for POLγ-related diseases.

Clinical Genomics Stockholm [Service]

PubMed 37302426

DOI 10.1016/j.bbadis.2023.166786

Crossref 10.1016/j.bbadis.2023.166786

pii: S0925-4439(23)00152-7

Publications 9.5.0