Metagenomic analysis of bloodstream infections in patients with acute leukemia and therapy-induced neutropenia.

Gyarmati P, Kjellander C, Aust C, Song Y, Öhrmalm L, Giske CG

Sci Rep 6 (-) 23532 [2016-03-21; online 2016-03-21]

Leukemic patients are often immunocompromised due to underlying conditions, comorbidities and the effects of chemotherapy, and thus at risk for developing systemic infections. Bloodstream infection (BSI) is a severe complication in neutropenic patients, and is associated with increased mortality. BSI is routinely diagnosed with blood culture, which only detects culturable pathogens. We analyzed 27 blood samples from 9 patients with acute leukemia and suspected BSI at different time points of their antimicrobial treatment using shotgun metagenomics sequencing in order to detect unculturable and non-bacterial pathogens. Our findings confirm the presence of bacterial, fungal and viral pathogens alongside antimicrobial resistance genes. Decreased white blood cell (WBC) counts were associated with the presence of microbial DNA, and was inversely proportional to the number of sequencing reads. This study could indicate the use of high-throughput sequencing for personalized antimicrobial treatments in BSIs.

NGI Stockholm (Genomics Applications) [Service]

NGI Stockholm (Genomics Production) [Service]

National Genomics Infrastructure [Service]

PubMed 26996149

DOI 10.1038/srep23532

Crossref 10.1038/srep23532

pii: srep23532
pmc: PMC4800731

Publications 9.5.0