Monitoring calcium-induced epidermal differentiation in vitro using multiphoton microscopy.

Malak M, Grantham J, Ericson MB

J Biomed Opt 25 (7) 1-11 [2020-05-00; online 2020-05-11]

Research in tissue engineering and in vitro organ formation has recently intensified. To assess tissue morphology, the method of choice today is restricted primarily to histology. Thus novel tools are required to enable noninvasive, and preferably label-free, three-dimensional imaging that is more compatible with futuristic organ-on-a-chip models. We investigate the potential for using multiphoton microscopy (MPM) as a label-free in vitro approach to monitor calcium-induced epidermal differentiation. In vitro epidermis was cultured at the air-liquid interface in varying calcium concentrations. Morphology and tissue architecture were investigated using MPM based on visualizing cellular autofluorescence. Distinct morphologies corresponding to epidermal differentiation were observed. In addition, Ca2 + -induced effects could be distinguished based on the architectural differences in stratification in the tissue cultures. Our study shows that MPM based on cellular autofluorescence enables visualization of Ca2 + -induced differentiation in epidermal skin models in vitro. The technique has potential to be further adapted as a noninvasive, label-free, and real-time tool to monitor tissue regeneration and organ formation in vitro.

Integrated Microscopy Technologies Gothenburg [Service]

PubMed 32388932

DOI 10.1117/1.JBO.25.7.071205

Crossref 10.1117/1.JBO.25.7.071205

pmc: PMC7210787
pii: JBO-190345SSRR

Publications 9.5.0